TopicType II Diabetes: Or, What Have the Holidays Done to Me?
While the result of Type 2 is the same - high blood Control Blood Sugar Without Medicine sugar - the cause is completely different. Type 2 results primarily from an excessively high carbohydrate diet over many years combined with a lack of physical activity. The carbohydrates (sugar and starch) become sugar in your blood. To handle that sugar, your islet cells make insulin as I described above and the sugar is removed by your fat, liver and muscle cells.But when the carbohydrate is too much for a long time, eventually your fat, liver and muscle cells get full and can take no more. They start to ignore the insulin message. As your blood sugar cannot go too high without damage being caused, your islet cells make even more insulin. At first the fat, liver and muscle cells listen to the louder message but if this cycle is repeated it takes progressively more and more insulin to get the same result until eventually the fat cells just won't take any more.
Left over time, this vicious cycle exhausts your islet cells. They can't keep up making huge amounts of insulin for ever, so they burn out and stop producing insulin. This is when Type 2 becomes insulin dependent.Some of the diabetes drugs work by hyper-stimulating the pancreas to make more insulin. What do you think will happen to your islet cells if they are already tired and then get hyper-stimulated to work even harder? That's right, they accelerate this islet cell burn out.Type 2 diabetes used to be called "Maturity-Onset Diabetes" because it only affected older adults. But now,kids of 10-13 years of age are even being diagnosed! Why? Too many carbs in the diet - especially soft drinks and grains - and not enough exercise to burn them off.